National Weather Service United States Department of Commerce

Hazardous Heat Across the Western U.S.; Heavy Rain and Flooding in the Southwest and Western Gulf Coast

Dangerous heat will persist over portions of interior California, the Great Basin, and the northern Rockies through Thursday. Heat will gradually spread into the northern Plains today. Across the western Gulf Coast, heavy to excessive rainfall will persist through mid-week. Additionally, the Southwest Monsoon will continue to bring a flash flooding threat to the Four Corners Region this week. Read More >

National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Weather Radio is a nationwide network of radio stations operated by local National Weather Service offices. The continuous broadcasts provide current weather warnings, forecasts, and conditions and is the best method to receive severe weather warnings. When forecasters issue warnings for tornadoes, severe thunderstorms, and flash floods; special receivers sound a tone which alert people even if they’re sleeping, outdoors, watching satellite TV, don’t live near a warning siren, or the electricity is off. The tone alarm will also be used to notify people about other emergencies; such as wildfires, hazardous materials spills, or terrorist activities for which people need to take immediate action to protect themselves. Even during quiet weather, you can tune into your local NOAA Weather Radio station for forecasts to help you plan your day.

Although scanners, hand-held, and mobile radios can be programmed to receive the weather radio broadcast, special receivers are needed to receive  the alerts. They can be purchased at electronics, discount, sporting goods, or hardware stores. You can also order them from catalogs specializing in outdoor equipment, weather-related items, or ranch and farm supplies. The cost of a receiver ranges from $30 to $100. You should ensure the model you purchase has battery backup. You may need an external antenna depending on the construction of your building or your location inside it or if you’re in an area of marginal reception. Some radios have an extra jack for a visual signal for hearing impaired people or use in a high-noise area. The NOAA Weather Radio homepage provides a list of weather radio receiver manufacturers.

Programmable weather radio receivers allow you to set the county or counties for which you want to receive warnings and block out alerts for storms that won’t affect you. The feature is called SAME, for Specific Area Message Encoding. When programming your SAME weather radio receiver, you may want to add a neighboring county if you live near the county line. For example, Belle Fourche residents may want to receive warnings for Crook County (Sundance). This will only work if the adjacent county is included on the same NOAA Weather Radio transmitter, so residents of Sturgis cannot receive warnings for Lawrence County (Deadwood) on the Rapid City transmitter.

Black Hills region NOAA Weather Radio stations and SAME Codes

Black Hills Region NOAA Weather Radio Stations

Sixteen NOAA Weather Radio transmitters serve the Black Hills region of western South Dakota and northeastern Wyoming. The locations, frequencies, alert areas, SAME codes, and links to detailed coverage maps for the transmitters are listed below.

NOAA Weather Radio SAME Codes for the Black Hills region

BAKER, MT (WXK-57) on 162.550 MHz is programmed by the Billings NWS office and serves:

  • Harding County SD: 046063 

BATTLE MOUNTAIN near Hot Springs (WXK-64) on 162.425 MHz serves the southern Black Hills:

  • Custer County SD:  046033
  • Fall River County SD: 046047

FAITH (WNG-557) on 162.475 MHz serves northwestern South Dakota:

  • North Meade County SD NORTH of Highway 34; including Faith, Howes Corner, Mud Butte, Plainview, Stoneville, Opal, and Red Owl (see map below): 246093
  • Perkins County SD: 046105 
  • Ziebach County SD: 046137 

FIRESTEEL, SD (WNG-551) on 162.425 MHz is programmed by the Aberdeen NWS office and serves north central South Dakota, including:

  • Ziebach County SD: 046137 

GILLETTE (WNG-660) on 162.500 MHZ serves northeastern Wyoming (click on map to the right for a larger image): Campbell County, WY SAME code partitions

  • North Campbell County NORTH of Taylor and Cow Creek Roads; including Weston, Recluse, and Spotted Horse: 256005 
  • Central Campbell County, including Gillette, Rozet, Gillette-Campbell Co Airport, and Interstate-90: 556005
  • South Campbell County SOUTH of 4-J School and Highway 59/Belle Fourche River bridge; including Wright and Pine Tree Junction: 856005
  • Crook County WY: 056011 
  • Weston County WY: 056045 

MERRIMAN, NE (WXL-76) on 162.400 MHz is programmed by the North Platte NWS office and serves:

  • Bennett County SD: 046007 

NEWCASTLE (WNG-661) on 162.475 serves the western Black Hills:

  • Niobrara County WY: 056027 
  • Weston County WY: 056045 
  • Custer County SD: 046033 
  • Fall River County SD: 046047

PHILIP (KXI-59) on 162.450 MHz serves west central South Dakota:

  • Haakon County SD: 046055 
  • Jackson County SD: 046071 
  • East Pennington County EAST of Box Elder and Caputa;, including New Underwood, Wasta, Wall, Quinn, Creighton, western Badlands National Park, Farmingdale, Scenic, Interstate 90, and Highway 44 (see map below): 646103 

PORCUPINE (KZZ-59) on 162.500 MHz serves southwestern South Dakota:

  • Bennett County SD: 046007 
  • Jackson County SD: 046071 
  • Oglala Lakota County SD: 046102

Meade County SD SAME code partitions

RAPID CITY (WXM-63) on 162.550 MHz serves the central Black Hills and plains around Rapid City (click on the maps for larger images): 

  • Custer County SD: 046033 
  • West Meade County SD: Sturgis, Tilford, Piedmont, Black Hawk, Ellsworth AFB, Bear Butte State Park, Fort Meade, and Interstate 90: 446093
  • South Meade County EAST of Ellsworth AFB and SOUTH of Highway 34; including Union Center, Enning, White Owl, Hereford, and Elm Springs: 846093
  • West Pennington County WEST of Hisega, Rockerville, and Hayward; including Hill City, Keystone, Mt. Rushmore, Deerfield, Rochford, Johnson Siding, Pactola Reservoir, Sheridan Lake, Deerfield Reservoir, and Highway 385: 446103
  • Central Pennington County; including Black Hawk, Box Elder, Ellsworth AFB, Rapid Valley, Rapid City Regional Airport, and Highway 79: 546103 

Pennington County SD SAME code partitions

  • East Pennington County EAST of Box Elder and Caputa;, including New Underwood, Wasta, Wall, Quinn, Creighton, western Badlands National Park, Farmingdale, Scenic, Interstate 90, and Highway 44: 646103 





RELIANCE, SD (KZZ-60) on 162.525 MHz is programmed by the Aberdeen NWS office and serves south central South Dakota, including:

  • Tripp County SD: 046123 

SCRANTON, ND (WNG-658) on 162.525 MHz is programmed by the Bismarck NWS office and serves:

  • Harding County SD: 046063 
  • Perkins County SD: 046105

SHERIDAN, WY (WXM-46) on 162.475 MHz is programmed by the Billings NWS office and serves:

  • Campbell County WY: 056005 (uses only the entire county code)

TERRY PEAK near Lead (WXL-23) on 162.525 MHz serves the northern Black Hills, northwestern South Dakota, and northeastern Wyoming:

  • Butte County SD: 046019 
  • Harding County SD: 046063
  • Lawrence County SD: 046081 
  • West Pennington County WEST of Hisega, Rockerville, and Hayward; including Hill City, Keystone, Mt. Rushmore, Deerfield, Rochford, Johnson Siding, Pactola Reservoir, Sheridan Lake, Deerfield Reservoir, and Highway 385 (see map above): 446103 
  • Crook County WY: 056011 
  • Weston County WY: 056045 
  • Carter County MT:  030011

VALENTINE, NE (WXN-82) on 162.450 MHz is programmed by the North Platte NWS office and serves:

  • Todd County SD: 046121 
  • Tripp County SD : 046123

WHITE RIVER (WNG-558) on 162.550 MHz serves parts of south central South Dakota:

  • Jones County SD: 046075 
  • Mellette County SD: 046095
  • Todd County SD: 046121 

Other NWR stations serving South Dakota

Other NWR stations serving Wyoming

To find out if NOAA Weather Radio broadcasts are available at your home, office, or travel destination; visit the NOAA Weather Radio homepage.

A list of SAME codes for the entire United States is available on the National Weather Service's NOAA Weather Radio web page or by calling 1-888-697-7263.

NOAA Weather Radio Program

The NOAA Weather Radio broadcast provides local forecasts, current weather conditions, and storm warnings. The program for each transmitter is tailored to its broadcast area–a range about 40 miles–to limit the number of alerts issued. The information is repeated every four to six minutes, depending on the weather situation. Sometimes, especially during winter storms, the cycle is longer; during severe thunderstorms and flash flooding, the cycle is shorter to give you critical information more quickly.

Standard NWR Program

The following information is available on NOAA Weather Radio all the time, unless preempted by higher priority weather warnings.

Regional Weather Synopsis: A description of the weather features that will affect the northern Plains through the next few days.

Local Forecast: A forecast of precipitation, sky condition, high and low temperatures, and wind for the next 7 days.

Hourly Weather Roundup: Current temperatures, sky condition, precipitation, and wind at local weather stations; general temperatures and weather conditions for stations around the area and region.

The following information is available during specific times:

Climate Summary: Temperature, precipitation, and wind data for local automated weather stations. The Rapid City Regional Airport and National Weather Service office summaries also include the normal and record temperatures and monthly and yearly precipitation totals. Plays from 7 to 9 AM and 7 to 9 PM each day.

Grassland Fire Danger Statement: Today’s predicted fire danger for the western South Dakota prairies. Plays daily from April through October; and only if the fire danger is high, very high, or extreme from November through March.

Hazardous Weather Information

Watches, warnings, and advisories are broadcast as necessary during storms.

* Indicates the weather radio alert is used

Hazardous Weather Outlook: Describes the area and timing of potential severe thunderstorms, winter storms, high winds, and excessive heat during the next seven days.

* Severe Thunderstorm & Tornado Watches: Information on potential severe thunderstorms and tornadoes. Watches are typically in effect for four to eight hours.

* Severe Thunderstorm & Tornado Warnings: Information about severe thunderstorms and tornadoes, including area affected by the storms. Warnings are usually valid for 30 minutes to an hour with information updated every 15 to 20 minutes.

* Flood Watches: Information on the potential for flash flooding. Watches are typically in effect for six to 12 hours for flash flood situations; 12 to 36 hours for other flooding.

* Flash Flood Warnings: Information about actual flash flooding, including creeks, rivers, and areas affected by the flooding. Warnings are usually valid for one to six hours with information updated every one to two hours.

Flood Statements: Issued for minor flooding on city streets and underpasses or along creeks or to provide updated information about flood warnings.

Winter Storm Watches, Warnings, Advisories & Outlooks: Information on winter storms; including blizzards, heavy snow, and ice storms. Updated every three to six hours as the storm progresses.

High Wind Watches, Warnings, & Advisories: Information on wind storms. Updated every six to twelve hours.

* Flood Warnings: Information on flooding along rivers and creeks due to heavy rain, snowmelt, or ice jams.

* Non-Weather Emergency Message: Information about wildfires, chemical spills, explosions, radioactive releases, or terrorist activities and protective actions people need to take. The information is provided by local emergency managers.

Air Pollution Alerts: Issued for dust or smoke that elevates pollution levels in Rapid City and blowing dust over Campbell County, Wyoming.

Miscellaneous Information

* Weather Radio Weekly Alarm Test: A test of the NOAA Weather Radio warning signal. Conducted every Wednesday between 1100 AM and Noon Mountain Time (Noon and 100 pm Central Time) unless severe weather is occurring.

Public Information Statement: Provides information on new products and services from the National Weather Service, seasonal safety information, and unusual or interesting weather conditions.

If you want to make comments on what you hear on NOAA Weather Radio, you may e-mail the Rapid City National Weather Service or write to:

National Weather Service
Attn: NOAA Weather Radio
300 East Signal Drive
Rapid City, SD 57701

Please include the station you listen to, your location (direction and distance from a town), type of receiver you use (weather radio, scanner, amateur radio, two-way or mobile radio, and/or external antenna) and the quality of the signal.